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Strong in the south and weak in the north, can Shandong take on the important task of blockchain development in the north?



The south is strong and the north is weak. This pattern is the status quo of China's economic development, and it is also the status quo of blockchain development in various provinces and cities in China.

Since the beginning of May, Guizhou Province has issued opinions on accelerating the application of blockchain technology and industrial development; Guangzhou has issued an implementation opinion on promoting the innovation and development of the blockchain industry; Hunan has issued a three-year action plan for the development of the blockchain industry... provinces are continuing to add value to the blockchain field.

Among them, there is only one northern city. On May 10, the Central District of Jinan City, Shandong Province held a meeting to focus on the promotion of key work in the whole region, and proposed to build a provincial-level blockchain industrial park.

In fact, Shandong Province has launched a number of blockchain support policies in recent years, and intends to build a blockchain industry demonstration zone. It can be said that after Beijing and Xiong'an, it is the most promising province to take on the important task of blockchain development in the north. However, Shandong Province, which has been planning the "Chain Bay" since 2016, has not yet been among the forefront of blockchain development, and this depends on its policies and industrial development.

Shandong Province is the third largest province in China's economy. Since 2007, its economic aggregate has ranked third, after Guangdong Province and Jiangsu Province; while Zhejiang Province is behind Shandong Province and often competes with it for the third place.

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Rather than discussing the development of blockchain in Shandong alone, it seems more appropriate to compare and analyze this northern city with the southern provinces Jiangsu and Zhejiang, which are close to its level of development.

(Tabulation: Interlink Pulse)

Observing the pulse of the inter-chain, from the perspective of policy, the support of Shandong Province is not weak. With the start of the construction of "Chain Bay" in 2017, Shandong launched special policies for the blockchain field, set up special funds for the blockchain industry, and supported blockchain talents. Shibei District of Qingdao City even proposed that by 2020, it will strive to form a set of blockchain visualization standards, create a batch of application templates that can be replicated and promoted, and introduce and cultivate a batch of blockchain innovative enterprises.

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At the same time, Jiangsu Province and Zhejiang Province also started from the "point" of the administrative area, and Suzhou High-speed Railway New City and Hangzhou West Lake District began to deploy the blockchain field. Suzhou High-speed Railway New City’s “Su Jiutiao” blockchain policy provides blockchain enterprises and projects with settlement support, business support, talent support, etc., and has set up a guidance fund of 1 billion yuan; Hangzhou West Lake District is promoting the development of industrial parks , also issued policies to provide substantial subsidies for enterprises and talents settled in the industrial park.

Since then, Shandong Province has successively launched several special policies for blockchain. In 2019, Shibei District of Qingdao City issued the "Measures for the Development of Blockchain Industry in Shibei District, Shibei District Science and Technology Bureau of Qingdao City (Trial)"; The government issued the "Three-Year Action Plan for Blockchain Industry Development in Laoshan District (2020-2022)". Compared with Jiangsu Province and Zhejiang Province, Shandong Province seems to be more aggressive in the field of blockchain at the policy level.

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On the basis of local government support, the blockchain industry has developed accordingly, and blockchain industrial parks led by the government and self-built by the private sector have emerged one after another.

In 2016, Shandong Province sensed the development trend of the blockchain early and laid out a blockchain park. In June 2017, Shibei District, Qingdao City, Shandong Province proposed to build a blockchain + innovative application base - Lianwan, and released the "China Lianwan White Paper". It is reported that the target of this blockchain industry gathering place is Silicon Valley in the United States. Previously, well-known blockchain companies such as Bubi and Zhongsign, as well as platforms such as the Internet Research Institute of Tsinghua University and the Central Financial Insurance Research Institute have settled in the industrial park.

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There is "Chain Bay" in the north and "Chain Valley" in the south. Suzhou "Chain Valley", established in December 2017, also benchmarked against "Silicon Valley". The Suzhou Blockchain Park has received the support of the high-speed rail new city government, and 16 "indigenous" enterprises such as Yuelian, Leiying, Laize, and Yunlian Technology Company have settled in.

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Compared with the blockchain parks in Shandong and Jiangsu provinces, the blockchain industrial parks in Zhejiang are more dense. They are distributed in Yuhang District of Hangzhou City, Xiaoshan District of Hangzhou City, Xihu District of Hangzhou City, and Ningbo City, and these industrial parks The same has received strong support from the government, and has attracted more blockchain companies and blockchain projects.

Just as the enterprises settled in the industrial park represent the strength of the park, the number of provincial and municipal enterprises and projects also confirms the development of blockchain in the area. According to the inter-chain pulse observation company search-ethexc data, the number of blockchain companies in Zhejiang has reached 2,483 (searched by business scope), ranking second in the country in number, while Jiangsu and Shandong provinces are evenly matched, ranking third and fourth respectively , the difference seems to be small.

However, observing the three batches of blockchain filing lists of the Cyberspace Administration of China, Zhejiang Province has a total of 88 projects that have passed the filing; Jiangsu Province has 35 projects, and Shandong Province has only 16 projects. It can be seen that there is a significant gap in the number of blockchain projects.

In addition, there is also an obvious gap in the industry, which is the demand for blockchain practitioners in the three places. Mutual Chain Pulse has made statistics in the China Blockchain Industrial Park Development Report, the recruitment demand of blockchain jobs in domestic provinces and cities, and the salary ranking of blockchain jobs. Both Zhejiang Province and Jiangsu Province are within the top 10, while Shandong Province is outside the top 10.

In addition, in terms of blockchain research, the number of blockchain patents in Shandong Province is still lower than that of Zhejiang Province, and slightly inferior to Jiangsu Province. And the more critical point is that Shandong lacks teachers engaged in research and educational practice in the field of blockchain.

In general, although Shandong Province has a number of special government policy support, it is not as good as Zhejiang Province in the industry and research fields that support the development of blockchain; it is comparable to Jiangsu Province in terms of policies, industries, and research.

Shandong's policies are ahead of industry and research is insufficient

Through the comparison of the three places, it can be seen that Shandong Province has strong policy support, and not only municipal-level special policies to promote the development of blockchain, but also provincial-level policies that mention blockchain.

In 2018, the Shandong Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government issued the "Implementation Plan on Carrying Out Quality Improvement Actions", proposing the combination of blockchain technology and specific application scenarios. The plan pointed out that actively explore the application of blockchain technology in the construction of quality system, build the "Shandong Quality Chain" platform, establish a product quality guarantee and product damage compensation system, and promote the development of related financial services such as product quality insurance.

In March 2020, the executive meeting of the Shandong Provincial Government reviewed and approved the "Digital Shandong 2020 Action Plan". In terms of digital economy, the tasks proposed in the "Plan" include the preparation of a special blockchain plan and the strengthening of key laboratories in the field of artificial intelligence and chips. , Technology innovation center construction layout, etc.

However, the strong support of Shandong’s policies has failed to promote the formation of a typical case of blockchain in the region with industrial radiation.

Or because the development emphasizes the right time, location, and people, the policy introduced by the Shandong Provincial Government is a critical time for the development of the blockchain.

But in terms of geographical advantages, as a coastal area, Shandong Province focuses on developing the blue economy of the peninsula. Traditional industries and heavy chemical industries account for a large proportion of its industrial structure, and there are deficiencies in emerging industries. According to statistics, among the top 100 Internet companies in the country, there are only 2 in Shandong, and they are all ranked below 60. In the absence of emerging companies and technology companies, it is difficult to develop blockchain technology.

The lack of "output" of enterprises is one aspect, and the lack of "needs" of employees is also the key. In fact, it can be seen from the recruitment needs of blockchain positions and the salary ranking of blockchain positions that enterprises in Shandong Province do not have a strong demand for blockchain industry personnel. Therefore, the combination of the two has not fully mobilized the enthusiasm of the blockchain industry in Shandong Province.

In terms of human resources, it refers to blockchain research talents. From the blockchain teachers in Shandong area, we can know the situation of its blockchain talents from the side, and the talent output is insufficient; and from the salary situation of blockchain talents, it can be seen that the demand for talents is also insufficient.

(Source: Interchain Pulse "2020 China Blockchain Talent Development Research Report")

At the same time, observing the recruitment website, it can be seen that there are not many blockchain talents in demand in Shandong, and most of them are technical positions. In the absence of talent support, it is difficult for the blockchain to achieve breakthrough development. Therefore, the promotion of industries and talents is the key to promoting the development of blockchain in Shandong.

At present, Shandong is at a critical point in the transformation of new and old kinetic energy. Whether the blockchain can be used to revitalize the industry and release the economic vitality of the land of Qilu still needs further assistance from the government.


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